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Greiz, Stadtkirche St. Marien

Restaurierung der Kreutzbach-Jehmlich-Orgel (1881/1919) | III/58+3TM | 2022

PLANNED COMPLETION 2023

The Kreutzbach-Jehmlich organ

Whilst the baroque tower of the Marienkirche in Greiz was rebuilt in 1802 in former style, a reconstruction of the nave at the beginning of the 19th century gave the church its present-day form of a hall church with pointed barrel vault.

The solidly-made furnishings are appreciated to full effect following the renovation completed in 2012. The imposing neo-classical organ case completes the whole architecturally successful ensemble.

In 1881 Richard Kreutzbach from Borna provided a new organ with three manuals and 40 stops and mechanical slider chests with pneumatic assistance to the sliders.

There followed a far-reaching rebuilding by Jehmlich (Dresden) in 1919 with enlargement of around 20 stops. The existing pedal slider chests were reused. The manual divisions received new cone chests with pneumatic action throughout. The keyboard compasses were extended (manuals from f3 to a3/a4, pedal from d0 to f1) and the additional pipes placed on extra bars in the windchests. Despite its markedly late romantic character the organ retained some of the disappearing Saxon/Thuringian tonal characteristics belonging to Kreutzbach. The specification was drawn up by the organist of the time, Richard Jung, a friend of Max Reger, who himself played on the enlarged instrument.

The various divisions within the instrument are laid out as follows: the wooden pipes of the Untersatz 32 stand in the middle at the rear, flanked on each side by the divided C and C sharp sides of the Großpedal. In front there is a passage board with the two Kleinpedal chests beneath. Manuals I and II occupy the full width of the case at the first level, with Hauptwerk on the left with large reservoir below and Oberwerk on the right. The swell box is to be found on the upper level, stretching back over the 32-foot pipes and corresponding to the gable of the case itself. All three divisions have two chests, one behind the other, with chromatic pipe layout and passage board in between. There are various extra chests for the extended compasses, added ranks (Trompete 4 HW) and case pipes.

The following decades up to the 1980s saw repeated tonal changes and rearrangements. Above all various ‘nordicisings’ of the stoplist between 1931 and 1942 had a lasting effect on the romantic tonal palette. Further changes were made in 1980 as well as conversion of the action to electro-pneumatic, in the course of which the attached pneumatic console was removed and an electric console in contemporary style installed on a mobile platform.

 

Restoration

In the course of time the technical state of the organ had massively deteriorated and was on the brink of total failure. Thanks to voicing shortcomings and inadequate wind supply, there was little to be discerned of the former sound. The register complement of Kreutzbach and Jehmlich is still extant and the pipework is of good quality, with the result that the aim of the restoration was set at the re-creation of the enlarged 1919 specification (with the exception of the 1931 HW Trompete 4) which is to be retained.

Extensive measures are required to enable the largest organ in Eastern Thuringia to be heard and played in its old splendour as a tonal monument preserved in largely original state. All moveable parts will be dismantled and the complete organ cleaned and treated for mould. The existing windchests with top boards and rack boards, relays, bellows and electro-pneumatic actions will be completely restored. Motor leathers, leather seals and the blowing arrangements will be fully restored. The failing electrics will be completely replaced. At the same time, the organ will receive an electronic setter system with touch screen and a new progressive swell engine.

Damage to the case and passage boards will be made good. Finally, the zinc front pipes will get a new painting.

The pipework will be carefully repaired. As a result of earlier substitutions, changed compositions and altered or cut down pipes, it will necessary to return twelve registers to their original condition, including pipe racks. This will be done by partial or total retrospective reconstruction, replacing missing pipes and lengthening shortened ones. Tuning slots etc and reed tongues will be renewed where necessary.

Close attention to voicing will lend the organ a balanced, homogeneous and cohesive tonal palette, allowing the romantic tonal treasures to be heard in all their fullness, power and differentiated colour.

The proportions of the new electric console are compact and slim, so that it can be shifted on its mobile platform into the central niche of the organ case. It incorporates simplified ideas from the classical case design. In the layout of the keyboards and stops etc it draws on characteristic features of German Romantic organ building with a conscious optical nod in the direction of Kreutzbach consoles.

Disposition

I. Hauptwerk C-a3

  1. Prinzipal 16‘  Kr/Je/Sp (C-b Prospekt)
  2. Prinzipal 8‘  Kr/Je/Sp (C-cs Prospekt)
  3. Gamba 8‘  Je
  4. Flûte harmonique 8‘  Je
  5. Gemshorn 8‘  Kr
  6. Bordun 8‘  Je
  7. Dolce 8‘  Kr
  8. Octave 4‘  Kr
  9. Rohrflöte 4‘  Kr/Je
  10. Quinte 2 2/3‘  Kr
  11. Octave 2‘  Kr
  12. Mixtur 4f. 2‘  Kr/Sp
  13. Cornett 3-5f. 2 2/3‘  Kr/Sp
  14. Trompete 8‘  Je
  15. Trompete 4‘  Je*

    II-I
    Sub II-I
    Super II-I
    III-I
    Sub III-I
    Super III-I

II. Oberwerk C-a3

  1. Bordun 16‘  Kr
  2. Prinzipal 8‘  Kr/Sp (C-d1 Prospekt)
  3. Viola 8‘  Kr/Sp
  4. Rohrflöte 8‘  Kr
  5. Hohlflöte 8‘  Kr/Sp
  6. Zartflöte 8‘  Je
    Schwebeflöte (Kanzellentremulant Zartflöte)  Je
  7. Quintatön 8‘  Kr
  8. Salicional 8‘  Je
  9. Octave 4‘  Kr
  10. Salicet 4‘  Je
  11. Quinte 2 2/3‘  Je/Sp
  12. Waldflöte 2‘  Kr/Je
  13. Mixtur 3-4f. 1 1/3‘  Kr/Sp
  14. Oboe 8‘  Je

    III-II
    Sub III-II
    Super III-II

III. Schwellwerk C-a4

  1. Liebl. Gedackt 16’  Kr/Je
  2. Dolce 16‘  Je
  3. Geigenprinzipal 8‘  Je
  4. Konzertflöte 8‘  Kr/Je
  5. Fernflöte 8‘  Je
  6. Violine 8‘  Je
  7. Aeoline 8‘  Kr
  8. Vox coelestis 8‘  Kr/Je
  9. Viola 4‘  Kr/Sp
  10. Traversflöte 4‘  Kr
  11. Gemshorn 4‘  Kr/Sp
  12. Rohrquinte 2 2/3‘  Kr
  13. Violine 2‘  Sp
  14. Terz 1 3/5‘  Kr
  15. Flageolet 1‘  Kr
  16. Harmonia aetherea 3-4f. 2‘  Je/Sp
  17. Trompette harmonique 8‘  Je
  18. Clarinette 8‘  Je
    Tremulant  Sp

    Sub III
    Super III (ausgebaut bis a4)
    Aequal ab

Pedal C-f1

  1. Untersatz 32‘  Kr
  2. Prinzipalbass 16‘  Kr
  3. Violon 16‘  Kr
  4. Subbass 16‘  Kr
    Gedacktbass 16‘  TM III.
    Dolcebass 16‘  TM III.
  5. Quintbass 10 2/3‘  Sp
  6. Prinzipalbass 8‘  Kr
  7. Gedacktbass 8‘  Sp
    Violoncello 8‘  TM III.
  8. Oktavbass 4‘  Kr
  9. Posaunenbass 16‘  Kr
  10. Trompetenbass 8‘  Kr
  11. Clarinbass 4‘  Kr

    I-P
    II-P
    Super II-P
    III-P
    Super III-P
    Tenorkoppel

 

 

Generalkoppel
Setzeranlage mit Touch-Display
Crescendowalze


Kr = Kreutzbach 1881
Je = Jehmlich 1919
Je* = Jehmlich/Schüßler 1931
Sp = Späth 2022 (Ganz- oder Teilrekonstruktion)